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Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome is a progressively painful condition resulting from the compression of the median nerve in the wrist region.

Symptoms Of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

Typical symptoms of carpal tunnel syndrome comprise numbness and tingling in all fingers except the little finger, a painful and burning sensation in the hand and wrist that might extend up to the arm and elbow, and a weakened hand with reduced grip strength.

Causes Of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

The exact causes of carpal tunnel syndrome are not fully understood, but several factors can contribute to its development.

These factors may include:

Repetitive Hand and Wrist Movements

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome in the Workplace. Continuous and repetitive use of the hand and wrist in activities such as typing, using vibrating tools, or assembly line work can increase the risk.

Congenital Abnormalities

Some individuals may have a smaller carpal tunnel from birth, which can make them more susceptible to developing the condition.

Traumatic Injury to the Hand or Wrist
Fractures, sprains, or other injuries to the wrist may lead to inflammation and compression of the median nerve, contributing to carpal tunnel syndrome.

Hormonal Imbalance

Hormonal changes, such as those during pregnancy, menopause, or conditions like hypothyroidism, can affect the tissues and increase the risk.

Medical Conditions

Underlying medical conditions like rheumatoid arthritis, diabetes, obesity, gout, or the presence of a cyst or tumor in the carpal tunnel can contribute to the syndrome.

Hereditary Factors

Some individuals may have a genetic predisposition to developing carpal tunnel syndrome.

Treatment Options

Treatment options for carpal tunnel syndrome depend on the severity of the condition. Here are some common approaches to managing and treating carpal tunnel syndrome:

Rest and Activity Modification

Reducing or modifying activities that aggravate the symptoms can help alleviate the condition.

Wrist Splints

Wearing a wrist splint, especially at night, can help keep the wrist in a neutral position and relieve pressure on the median nerve.


Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) or corticosteroid injections may be prescribed to reduce inflammation and alleviate pain.

Physical Therapy For CTS
A physical therapist can provide exercises and techniques to strengthen the wrist and improve flexibility.

Invasive Procedures

In cases of severe or persistent symptoms, medical interventions may be necessary, including:
• Carpal Tunnel Release Surgery: This procedure involves cutting the ligament that is compressing the median nerve to relieve pressure.

• Endoscopic Surgery: A minimally invasive technique where a small incision is made, and a camera is used to guide the release of the ligament.

The choice of treatment will depend on the patients injury. Consult with a CitiMed NY medical professional for an accurate diagnosis and to determine the most suitable treatment plan for your carpal tunnel syndrome.